Information Technology

What Is an Information Technology Degree?

Information technology is computer science directly related to business. Every business – private or public – relies on information technology to keep it running successfully. IT is the backbone to all computer operations within the company government agency. Without an IT department, businesses and governments would be forced to focus on technology of which they know little of, rather than focusing on the importance of their organization’s mission. People take IT for granted until it is not there; this is one reason why an IT degree is so important.

Industry, commerce and politics are no longer local, they are global, and require IT interface to function. From something as basic as sending an email to something as complex as the logistical transport of goods overseas, the IT department keeps the technology behind the operations running to ensure successful completion of the task. Should the telecommunications systems between agencies break down, an overseas transport might never take place and the manufacturer would lose substantial money, simply because the information systems required to schedule and navigate the shipment were not available and, consequently, the goods never transported to the customer.

E-Commerce, e-Industry and 24-hour global communications are the backbone of all operations today. What was depicted in old science fiction literature and movies is becoming reality, and the world needs information technology specialists to keep the communications systems operational. An information technology degree prepares students to enter into a field that is highly competitive and in demand. Students who enjoy finding solutions to problems using computers and communications and networking systems are well suited to study for an IT degree.

Job Opportunities

Students graduating with an information technology degree might consider work as an IT consultant. IT consultants meet with individual clients to learn their business objectives. Once the IT consultant has an understanding of the client’s business goals, he or she designs a technological infrastructure purposed with streamlining and aiding the business operations to achieve greater functionality and profit. In defining the hardware and software best suited to the business’ needs, the IT consultant is also responsible for training the company staff in utilizing the resource. The average salary for an IT consultant is £43,000; however, consultants specialised in certain industry or extremely experienced might command higher salaries.

Graduates wishing to work within the corporate environment have the option of becoming information systems managers. Unlike the IT consultant, who is often independently contracted, information systems managers work for specific companies and are in charge of that business’ information technology – they manage the IT department. Duties include assessing a company’s computer needs, recommending the systems required and budgeting for the expense, ensuring all systems are functional and updated with the latest software, securing all information and backing up the systems on a regular basis. Information systems managers earn £40,000 to £55,000, depending upon the size and type of organization for which the ISM works.

Information Technology Curriculum

Computer engineering and programming studies form the basis of the information technology curriculum. Because information technology is business-oriented, computer related modules have a business focus. Additional business coursework, such as marketing and enterprise, also make up information technology curriculum, and students will benefit from both classroom and laboratory instruction.

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